One of the biggest problems I encounter when giving advice to other writers is the problem of how much dialogue is too much without ample description to back up the verbiage. The truth is that many amateur writers either lay on the description until they become like Charles Dickens or they write page after page of two people talking to one another without any action in between lines. I am a firm believer in the "show don't tell" rule. However, there is such a thing as not telling your reader enough to know what is happening in your narrative, flooding their head with line after line of dialogue that doesn't really further the action.
It is highly important to make sure that the words spoken by characters are anchored in a realistically described environment. There are many ways to do this, but one has to ask themselves a few questions when revising a manuscript:
- Percentage of Dialogue/Description - If over 60% of your narrative is dialogue, you might want to consider anchoring the dialogue in some descriptive details, namely more concrete verbs and adjectives. If the description is the other way around, you might want to consider chopping out any description that is dragging the story down or that can be revealed in the dialogue.
- Cut, Cut, Cut - Read your manuscript like it is being seen by you for the first time. Are there any lines of dialogue that are not driving the story along, but simply mindless chatter that is bogging down the narrative? Cut it out. If you describe things that are common items in the natural world, cut them as well.
The main point here is that you have to think about your narrative as if it is to be read by a common person with a 6th grade reading level if you want to move copies of your book. Think outside the box. Perhaps if you have too much dialogue, then the story probably needs to be written in first person to hang on to the internal monologues that your character is outwardly verbalizing. Let someone read your manuscript and don't get upset if they criticize it. Listen to them. The average reader is going to let you know what works and what doesn't.